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Use CJK E-Dictionary

Discover how to use the CJK E-Dictionary in Connexion client.

Overview

The CJK E-Dictionary (electronic dictionary for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean characters):

  • Allows you to search or browse to retrieve information about a CJK character, group of related characters, homophones matching a phonetic input code, or a large set of characters in sequence by EACC or Unicode value.
  • Includes all CJK characters represented in the East Asian Character Code (EACC) and supported in the Connexion client.
  • For each character, provides the following types of character representation(if applicable):
    • EACC bitmap
    • EACC 3-byte code
    • Unicode font representation
    • Unicode
    • Tsang-chieh input code
    • Wade-Giles input code (if applicable)
    • Pinyin input code (if applicable)
    • McCune-Reischauer input code (if applicable)
    • Modified Hepburn input code (if applicable)

    See the ALA-LC Romanization Tables on the Library of Congress website for CJK phonetic input codes:

Search or browse the CJK E-Dictionary

Searching allows you to:

  • Find a single character by looking up its EACC code
  • Find related characters by searching with a partial EACC code
  • Get input codes for a Unicode character that you paste into the dictionary search window
  • Find characters that match a Tsang-chieh (TC) code or search using a partial TC code to list characters with one or more common graphic elements
  • Find characters that match a phonetic input code

How to search the CJK E-Dictionary

To ... Do this ...
Open the E-Dictionary Navigate to Tools > CJK E-Dictionary or press <Alt><T><E>. The E-Dictionary Search window opens.
Search by EACC
  1. In the E-Dictionary Search window, under Input Method, select EACC.
  2. In the Search by Input Code field:
    • Enter the 3-byte (6-character) EACC code.
      Or
    • Enter two asterisks (**) in place of the first byte (2-character code for the 'Plane' in the EACC code system).
  3. Click Find.
Search by Tsang-chieh (TC)
  1. In the E-Dictionary Search window, under Input Method, select Tsang-chieh (TC).
  2. In the Search by Input Code field:
    • Enter the complete TC code for a character. Enter 1 to 5 letters that represent graphic elements of Chinese characters.
      Or
    • Enter the complete TC code for a character. Enter 1 to 5 letters that represent graphic elements of Chinese characters.
  3. Click Find.
Search by Unicode character
  1. Before opening the CJK E-Dictionary, copy a Unicode character from a record-editing window.
  2. After opening the E-Dictionary, in the E-Dictionary Search window, under Input Method, paste the Unicode character:
    • Press <Ctrl><V>
      Or
    • Right-click and, on the pop-up menu, click Paste.
  3. Click Find.
Search by phonetic input code
  1. In the E-Dictionary Search window, under Input Method, select an input method:
    • Wade-Giles
    • Pinyin
    • Modified Hepburn
    • McCune- Reischauer
  2. In the Search by Input Code field, enter an input code for the selected type.
    • Wade-Giles and Pinyin (Chinese): Enter 1 to 8 characters. May follow with a tone qualifier and/orTC qualifier.*
    • Modified Hepburn (Japanese): Enter 1 to14 characters. May follow with a TCqualifier.*
    • McCune-Reischauer (Korean): Enter 1 to 8 characters. May follow with a TCqualifier.*
  3. (Optional) Include diacritics if necessary:
  4. Click Find.
* For tone and Tsang-chieh (TC) qualifiers, enter:
  • Chinese tone qualifiers
    • 0 (all tones)
    • (flat)
    • (rising)
    • (falling and then rising) 4 (falling)
    • 5 none
  • Japanese and Korean TC qualifiers
    • Tone qualifier 0 and then TC qualifier
  • TC qualifiers
    • Limit retrieval to Chinese-derived characters. Enter the first non-X letter of the TC input code.
View or print list of matching entries See Open and use a dictionary entry below.
Open a list entry to copy and paste values into records, workforms,
constant data, or text strings
See Open and use a dictionary entry below.

Browse the CJK E-Dictionary

Browsing allows you to:

  • View information about all characters encoded in an EACC layer
  • View a range of EACC codes within a layer (specify the beginning EACC value to display in the layer)
  • Print a range of EACC codes within a layer (specify the beginning EACC value to display in the layer)

How to browse the CJK E-Dictionary

To ... Do this ...
Open the E-Dictionary Navigate to Tools > CJK E-Dictionary or press <Alt><T><E>. The E-Dictionary Search window opens.
Browse an EACC layer
  1. In the E-Dictionary Search window, click Browse.
  2. In the Browse by EACC Layer window, under Index, select a layer.
  3. (Optional) In the Goto EACC Value field, enter a 3-byte (6- character) EACC value for the character with which to start retrieving E-Dictionary entries.
  4. Click OK.

 Caution: Browsing layer 1 can take up to several minutes; it contains entries for almost 10,000 characters. Layers 3, 8, and 14 are also extensive. See EACC layers below for the number of characters in each layer.

View or print list of matching entries See Open and use a dictionary entry below.
Open a list entry to copy and paste values into records, workforms,
constant data, or text strings
See Open and use a dictionary entry below.

EACC layers

  • EACC divides the code space into 16 layers of 6 planes each.
  • Layers 10-12 and 15-16 are not currently allocated to characters.
  • Within layers, not all planes are in use.
  • Layers 1-12 are structured to show relationships between traditional Chinese characters and characters derived from traditional forms (layers 10-12 not in use).
  • Layer 1 has traditional characters.
  • Layer 2 has simplified forms of characters in layer 1.
  • Layers 3 to 9 have other variants of characters in layer 1.

Linked characters and indexing:

  • Manage the input and display language settings in Windows 10
  • Switch between languages using the Language bar
  • The EACC code for a variant form has the same values in the second and third bytes as the code for its corresponding traditional character, but a different value for the first byte.
  • Characters with shared second and third-byte values are linked.
  • In WorldCat, this EACC-code linking is used to index all variants of a character as equivalents.
  • A search term in Connexion that begins with a character related by EACC coding to one or more variant forms retrieves records in which the indexed field begins with any of the related forms of that character.

The following table shows the number of characters, EACC planes, and a description for each EACC layer.

Layer Number of
characters
EACC planes Description
1 9,900 21, 22, 23 Traditional forms of Chinese characters
2 2,100 27, 28, 29 Simplified forms of Chinese traditional characters; linked to characters in layer 1
3 600 2D, 2E, 2F Variant forms of Chinese traditional characters; linked to characters in layer 1
4 230 33, 34, 35 Other variant forms of Chinese traditional characters; linked to characters in layer 1
5 90 39, 3A, 3B
6 30 3F
7 55 45, 46, 47
8 480 4B, 4C, 4D Variant forms of Chinese traditional characters; linked to characters in layer 1; not included in Chinese Character Code for Information Interchange (CCCII)
9 18 51, 52
10-12 Not used
13 298 69 Japanese characters (hiragana, katakana, and Japanese- invented kokuji) with no Chinese counterparts
14 2,073
45
6F
70
6F - Korean characters (hangul) with no Chinese counterparts

70 - Chinese characters created in the People's Republic of China that have no related traditional forms
15-16 Not used

Use the search results

The client displays search and browse results in a list of entries with the following type of representation for each entry (character), if applicable (columns listed in default order).

Character representation Description
EACC 3-byte East Asian Character Code (EACC) value for the character
Unicode Font (UFont) (graphic) Character as represented in the default client font

By default, the font is Arial Unicode MS or Windows default
 

 Note: If you change the default client font, the new font must be Unicode-compliant.

Unicode 2-byte code for the character assigned in the Unicode standard
Tsang-Chieh (TC) One to five letters that identify the character in the Tsang-chieh graphical coding scheme
Wade-Giles (WG) Wade-Giles romanization of Chinese pronunciation(s) for the character, including any tone qualifier
Pinyin (PY) Pinyin romanization of Chinese pronunciation(s) for the character; includes any tone qualifier
McCune-Reischauer (MC) McCune-Reischauer romanization of Korean pronunciation(s) of the character
Modified Hepburn (HP) Modified Hepburn romanization of Japanese pronunciation(s) of the character

To copy and paste a value or graphic from a dictionary entry, you must open the entry. You cannot copy from the list.

To temporarily customize the list for display and print:

  • Sort order: To re-sort by another column, click the column heading. The list re-sorts by values in the column, in ascending order (alphabetic or numeric) with entries that have no value appearing first. An arrow identifies the sorting column (e.g., Unicode sort order ascending).
  • Sort direction: To reverse sort order, click the column heading for the column that sorts the list. The arrow reverses the order to indicate descending order (e.g., Unicode sort order descending).
  • Column size: To change the column size, point to the right border of the column heading you want to re-size. When the pointer becomes Column size pointer, click and hold to drag the border.
  • Column order: To change the order of a column, click, hold, and drag the column heading to a new position.

 Note: The client does not retain changes you make to the list once you close the list.

To print the list or print specified pages of the list:

  • To print an entire results list, click Print. In the Print window, click OK.
  • To print a specified number of pages in the list:
    • When the Print window opens, click the Pages from...to button and enter the number of pages to print. Then click OK.

 Caution: If you want to print results for an entire layer of EACC values, be aware that some layers contain a large number of entries:

  • Layer 1 contains entries for almost 10,000 characters. Printing all of the entries requires over 200 sheets of paper.
  • Layers 2, 3, 8, and 14 are also extensive.

Open and use a dictionary entry

To open a dictionary entry from the E-Dictionary Search Results window:

  • Double-click an entry, or select an entry and press <Enter>. The E-Dictionary Entry window opens showing the same information that was in the results list, but in boxes for copying and pasting.

To copy and paste information from a dictionary entry into records, workforms, constant data, or text strings:

  1. In the E-Dictionary Entry window, select a value or graphic.
  2. To copy, press <Ctrl><C>, or right-click the selected text or graphic and, on the pop-up shortcut menu, click Copy.
  3. Close the E-Dictionary.
  4. To paste, place the cursor where you want paste the text or graphic in a record or text string and press <Ctrl><V>, or right-click where you want to paste and, on the shortcut menu, click Paste.

 

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