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Default keystroke shortcuts for diacritics and special characters

Find default keystroke shortcuts for diacritics and special characters in Connexion client.

About diacritics and special characters

  • WorldCat and the online Library of Congress names and subjects authority file fully support entering diacritics and special characters from a character set adopted by the American Library Association (ALA) in records, for example, for items in Spanish, French, and other languages.
  • The ALA character set is widely used by libraries in English-speaking countries.
  • The character set allows the representation of characters, primarily the Roman alphabet and some special characters, and diacritics commonly used in Latin- based/influenced languages.
  • You can insert diacritics and special characters using keystrokes; or when you display a record via Edit > Enter Diacritics; or when you type a search, display a label, or find/replace text via an Enter Diacritics button in the associated dialogs
  • Enter a diacritic or special character after the letter it modifies.
  • For ligatures, paired diacritics, and multiple diacritics:
    • Enter diacritics from letter outward. Letter-DiacriticNearer-DiacriticFarther.
    • Enter letter with diacritics above and below in this order: Letter-DiacriticBelow- DiacriticAbove.
  • You can customize keystrokes for entering diacritics and special characters. You can change keystrokes for a character you use often, or assign it to a User Tool.

Keystroke shortcuts

The following table shows default keystrokes for entering diacritics and special characters.

Keystroke shortcuts for diacritics and special characters - Table
Character Default Keystroke Shortcut
Acute <Ctrl><Alt><B>
ae, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><5>
AE, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><5>
Alif <Ctrl<Alt< . > (period/decimal point)
Ayn <Ctrl><Alt><0> (zero)
Breve <Ctrl><Alt><F>
British Pound <Ctrl><Alt><9>
Candrabindu <Ctrl><Alt><O> (letter o)
Cedilla <Ctrl><Alt><P>
Circle above letter <Ctrl><Alt><J>
Circle below letter <Ctrl><Alt><T>
Circumflex, non-spacing <Shift><6>
d with crossbar, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><3>
D with crossbar, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><3>
Delimiter (See subfield delimiter)
Dot below letter <Ctrl><Alt><R>
Dot in center of line <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><9>
Double acute <Ctrl><Alt><N>
Double dot below letter <Ctrl><Alt><S>
Double tilde (left half) <Ctrl><Alt><Z>
Double tilde (right half) <Ctrl><Alt><[> (open bracket)
Double underscore <Ctrl><Alt><U>
Eth, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><;> (semicolon)
Eth, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><3> (same as D with crossbar, uppercase)
Grave, non-spacing <`>
Hacek <Ctrl><Alt><I>
High comma, centered <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><6>
High comma, off-center <Ctrl><Alt><M>
Inverted cedilla <Ctrl><Alt><X>
l with slash, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><1> (one)
L with slash, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><1> (one)
Left hook <Ctrl><Alt><W>
Ligature (left half) <Ctrl><Alt><K>
Ligature (right half) <Ctrl><Alt><L>
Macron <Ctrl><Alt><E>
Miagkii znak <Ctrl><Alt><"> (quotation marks)
Musical flat <Ctrl><Alt><0> (zero)
o with hook, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><,> (comma)
O with hook, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><,> (comma)
o with slash, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><2>
O with slash, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><"> (quotation marks)
oe, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><6>
OE, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><7>
Plus/minus <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><+> (plus sign)
Pseudo question mark <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><2>
Right hook <Ctrl><Alt><Q>
Script l <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><.> (period/decimal point)
Subfield delimiter <Ctrl><D>
Subscript 0 <Alt><0> (zero)
Subscript 1 <Alt><1>
Subscript 2 <Alt><2>
Subscript 3 <Alt><3>
Subscript 4 <Alt><4>
Subscript 5 <Alt><5>
Subscript 6 <Alt><6>
Subscript 7 <Alt><7>
Subscript 8 <Alt><8>
Subscript 9 <Alt><9>
Subscript left parenthesis <Alt><[> (open bracket)
Subscript minus <Alt><-> (minus sign)
Subscript plus <Alt><+> (plus sign)
Subscript right parenthesis <Alt><]> (close bracket)
Superior dot <Ctrl><Alt><G>
Superscript 0 <Alt><Shift><0> (zero)
Superscript 1 <Alt><Shift><1>
Superscript 2 <Alt><Shift><2>
Superscript 3 <Alt><Shift><3>
Superscript 4 <Alt><Shift><4>
Superscript 5 <Alt><Shift><5>
Superscript 6 <Alt><Shift><6>
Superscript 7 <Alt><Shift><7>
Superscript 8 <Alt><Shift><8>
Superscript 9 <Alt><Shift><9>
Superscript left parenthesis <Alt><Shift><[> (open bracket)
Superscript minus <Alt><Shift><-> (minus sign)
Superscript plus <Alt><Shift><+> (plus sign)
Superscript right parenthesis <Alt><Shift><]> (close bracket)
Thorn, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><4>
Thorn, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><4>
Tilde, non-spacing Use the Enter Diacritics and Special Characters dialog to enter, or custom-map a keystroke to enter
Tilde, spacing (use in URLs) <~> (tilde)
Turkish i without dot, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><8>
Tverdyi znak <Ctrl><Alt><7>
u with hook, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><-> (minus sign)
Superscript 5 <Alt><Shift><5>
Superscript 6 <Alt><Shift><6>
Superscript 7 <Alt><Shift><7>
Superscript 8 <Alt><Shift><8>
Superscript 9 <Alt><Shift><9>
Superscript left parenthesis <Alt><Shift><[> (open bracket)
Superscript minus <Alt><Shift><-> (minus sign)
Superscript plus <Alt><Shift><+> (plus sign)
Superscript right parenthesis <Alt><Shift><]> (close bracket)
Thorn, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><4>
Thorn, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><Shift><4>
Tilde, non-spacing Use the Enter Diacritics and Special Characters dialog to enter, or custom-map a keystroke to enter
Tilde, spacing (use in URLs) <~> (tilde)
Turkish i without dot, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><8>
Tverdyi znak <Ctrl><Alt><7>
u with hook, lowercase <Ctrl><Alt><-> (minus sign)
u with hook, uppercase <Ctrl><Alt><+> (plus sign)
Umlaut <Ctrl><Alt><H>
Underscore, non-spacing <_> (underscore)
Underscore, spacing (use in URLs) Use the Enter Diacritics and Special Characters dialog to enter, or custom-map a keystroke to enter
Upadhmaniya <Ctrl><Alt><Y>

Keystroke shortcuts for RLIN21 Latin keyboard - bibliographic records only

For those who choose to use the RLIN21 Latin keyboard for entering diacritics and special characters instead of the client’s built-in Edit > Enter Diacritics function, see a list of keystroke shortcuts for entering diacritics and special characters that are included in the RLIN21 Latin keyboard in RLIN21 Latin Character Keystroke Alternatives.

 Caution:

  • While using the RLIN21 keyboards (also available: Arabic, Cyrillic, and Latin keyboards), you cannot use Connexion client default keystrokes mapped to alpha-numeric characters that include the Alt, Ctrl+Alt, or Ctrl+Alt+Shift keys.
  • These combinations are used with the RLIN21 keyboards and override the Connexion client keystrokes when you use an RLIN21 keyboard.
  • Connexion client function keys and keystrokes assigned to alpha/ numeric characters that include the Ctrl, Alt+Shift and Ctrl+Shift keys are available.
    Example: The default keystroke for Action > Delete Record, mapped to <Ctrl><Alt><D>, conflicts with the RLIN21 keyboards and cannot be used; you must re-map the Delete Record action to another keyboard shortcut if you want to use it while also using the RLIN21 keyboards.
  • You can continue to use the default keystroke for entering the delimiter character (<Ctrl><D>) and the default keystroke for Action > Export (<F5>), since they do not conflict with RLIN21 keyboards.